Burke Rehabilitation Hospital opened its doors in April of 1915, through the generosity of John Masterson Burke, a New York City philanthropist. Originally called the Winifred Masterson Burke Relief Foundation, in honor of the benefactor’s mother, the hospital treated patients for pneumonia, ulcers, fatigue, cardiac and thyroid disease. The Foundation’s earliest programs included rigorous exercise, medical supervision and daily chores. As one of the first institutions to encourage exercise for cardiac patients, Burke would help found the American Heart Association in 1924.
During World War I, the Foundation became a naval hospital, known as “Burke’s Navy,” where some 2,000 sailors were treated. World War II would transform the field of medical rehabilitation, however. The vast number and variety of injuries suffered led to increased emphasis on physical and occupational therapies, improvements to prosthetic limbs and wheelchairs, and the development of community services. In 1951, with its strong focus on multi-disciplinary medical rehabilitation, the Foundation formally became The Burke Rehabilitation Hospital.
Today, Burke is a not-for-profit, private rehabilitation hospital and a leader in the field of medical rehabilitation and research. The hospital is accredited by the Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Health Care Organizations & Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities.
Nestled in a tranquil setting of rolling lawns and leafy trees, the Burke campus is largely unchanged from its beginnings. Its 12 neoclassical buildings are linked by a series of graceful colonnades. The campus was designed by McKim, Mead and White, the renowned architectural firm that also designed Manhattan's Washington Square Arch and the New York Herald building, as well as the Rosecliff Mansion in Newport, Rhode Island.